Bill 2.0: Is it good or bad? Here's how to defend yourself

Since 2016, the Authority for Electricity and Gas has established the adoption of a new format for billing energy costs, giving rise to the so-called 2.0 bill.

The intent was to make it easier for the user to understand the costs. In fact, many entries, often difficult to understand for non-professionals, have been merged together, highlighting at the end only 3 macro areas of expenditure:

  • Spending on the raw material
  • Spending for transport and management of the meter
  • Expenditure for system charges

This unification led the invoice to consist of a single page.

Let’s see together what are the 3 items:


It covers all costs in order to supply energy to the final customer including those of the raw material, its dispatching (that is, the coordinated management of the inputs and withdrawals of electricity and of the electricity flows on the transmission network for maintenance purposes balancing of the electrical system in safety conditions) and marketing. It consists of a fixed and a variable amount based on the amount of consumption and which, depending on the different offers of the various suppliers, may also vary according to time slots.

Within this area the following items have been merged:

  • PE – Cost of electricity purchase. It is updated every three months by the Authority and includes compensation for network losses.
  • PD – Expenditure for the dispatching service, ie the management of the flow of electricity in the network. Includes compensation for network losses.
  • PPE – PE equalization component. It covers the difference between the actual cost of energy and dispatching and the amount paid by customers in the protection market for the same services.
  • PCV – Sale and Sale Price. It covers costs for the commercial management of customers supported by businesses.
  • DispBT – PCV equalization component. It covers the difference between the actual marketing amounts paid and the management costs actually granted to protected companies.



It concerns the costs incurred for the transport of electricity on the national transmission networks, to then arrive at the local distribution, and for the measurement activity that also includes the management of the meter. Also this cost item is made up of several parts and specifically by a fixed quota , by a power quota that depends on the power committed by the user, and by a differentiated energy share by consumption brackets.
The following components are included in the item “Expenditure on transport and management of the meter”:

  • Tau1, Tau2, Tau3 – For the costs of distribution, transport and measurement of electricity.
  • UC6 – For the coverage of loans to companies that manage networks for interventions aimed at improving the quality of services.



This is the portion that is paid to cover the costs related to activities of common interest related to the electricity system. In the list below you can see the detail to better understand what it is. Spending on system charges consists of a fixed and a variable portion based on consumption.
Here is the detail:

  • A2 – Corresponds to the costs of dismantling abandoned nuclear power stations, while a part is allocated to the state budget.
  • A3 – Corresponds to the costs of guaranteeing state incentives for those who produce electricity from renewable sources.
  • A4 – Corresponds to the costs to guarantee the tariff concessions that the railway sector benefits from.
  • A5 – Corresponds to costs for research activities in areas of interest for the national electricity system.
  • AE – Corresponds to the costs for the benefits given to energy-intensive manufacturing companies served on medium and high voltage.
  • AS – Corresponds to the energy bonus costs reserved for lower income households.
  • UC4 – Serves to cover the higher costs of 12 small power companies operating on the smaller islands.
  • UC7 – It is destined to cover the charges deriving from measures and interventions for the promotion of energy efficiency in end uses). For example for the replacement of light bulbs and household appliances with low consumption models, etc., or for the installation of devices for reducing water consumption, for the replacement of boilers and water heaters with high-performance models, for interventions on the housing building, etc …
  • MCT – These are the Territorial Compensation Measures. It covers the costs of funding for those territories that host nuclear power plants or plants related to the disposal of their fuel.

To these three main items will then be added taxes and VAT , equivalent to 10% for domestic customers.




Bill 2.0 contains all the cost items on a single page .
That said, every supplier company has the possibility to choose its own graphic design as long as it contains all the data established by the Authority. The formal idea behind this choice is to make it easier for the user to read the invoice. This is why all the details are no longer shown . However, it is always possible to ask your supplier for the exploded bill containing all the data that item by item has been merged into the bill 2.


The Authority for Electricity, Gas and the Water System has established that the following items must always be reported in the invoices regardless of the layout chosen by the supplier:


The expenses that must always be found are :

  • Spending on energy
  • Spending for transport and management of the meter
  • Expenditure for system charges
  • Total taxes and VAT
  • Total bill

The following three items, on the other hand, must be indicated only if they are invoiced. In this case the information necessary to understand the reasons for their application must also be provided:

  • recalculations
  • Other games
  • Social bonus

The method of payment of the invoice, its expiry date and the presence of any installments must also be indicated.


Also in bill 2.0 must be present consumption related to the billing period (which can be actual, estimated or invoiced) Moreover, at least once a year must be shown the detail of consumption in the last 12 months.


In this category we include all the elements necessary to understand the details of the supply to which the bill refers. This category includes essential data such as:

  • The type of service (protection or free market)
  • The identification data of the holder of the supply and the address of delivery
  • The supply data (address, POD, committed power, subscribed rate)

Finally, they should always indicate any updates on prices and rates , as well as the periodic changes in the economic conditions of the protection service , as functional to a better interpretation of the bill.

… because some small companies take advantage of these mergers to charge for the costs not due and practically impossible to decipher. However, all this remains valid even in the case of inadvertent errors, so the new 2.0 bill is to be avoided like the plague!

To give you an idea, it’s as if going to the restaurant, instead of having a detail of how much you have consumed, on the bill I found only three items: food, drinks and covered. Obviously it would be easier to read but you could not understand if the individual flow rates have been correctly counted.

At this point, after reading this guide, you should have a fairly thorough knowledge both to understand the changes made by the new billing, and also to understand the costs included in the bill exploded, which as you can always ask your supplier, and is good that you do it. As an energy consultant, what I do immediately for all my clients is precisely to ask the chosen supplier for the complete invoice, in order to always have the presence of any billing errors under control.

A part of our work is precisely that of checking monthly the correctness of the billing for our customers, who in this way are always protected from any errors, and avoid having to spend more than necessary.

Save in the fall? You can thanks to some green advice

Autumn is almost upon us and with it the fresh and the rains enter the scene; people start to go back to the home environment and the places covered in general.
The consumption of energy returns to increase, how to do when you want to stay warm and with the lights on without giving up a minimum bill?

First we always pay attention to the time slots, the sun still gives us beautiful days and keep some open window continues to guarantee us a cool but not cold, especially if you have windows facing south.

In any energy contract there are time slots in which the cost of energy decreases or increases according to the statistics implemented in illo tempore by the service provider; it is better then to do the washing machine in the evening and avoid the full afternoon, but if you live in a condominium, the other condominiums could cause noisy nuisances in the night.
Eye to the electric water heater, great friend of the long hot baths that we sometimes enjoy after work, is one of the enemies par excellence of energy saving and a greenerlife .

If you think to get a new one take one suitable for your consumption, if you are alone or in a couple you will not need the Ferrari of the boilers, choose one suitable for you and your consumption of hot water, keeping your eyes open on the energy class of the appliance. You might consider taking two, one small for the kitchen and another for the bathroom, with two water heaters you would have the ability to split the use of water in the rooms of the house by increasing consumption control.
Do you already own one? Install a timer programmed in the time slot when you return home , the water will always be hot while you are there, it is a waste to do so while the house is empty.
Do you already follow a greener lifestyle of your neighbors but they consume less and come out more in the evening? Contact one of the Solution Energia consultants for offers on energy, electricity and gas. Together you will find a more convenient solution for you and the environment .

Electric car: Europe is competitive


Charging columns in Italy: infrastructures a vacuum to fill

Would you travel without being sure to find a service station at any time and anywhere to fill up with electricity?

Would you travel without being sure to find a service station at any time and anywhere to fill up with electricity?

While in most industrialized and developing countries the use of cars that move thanks to the recharging of their batteries is evident, Italy has yet to take its first steps.

Some data for the month of May:
– Italy , 594 e-cars were also sold
– Germany only of electric VW 442 registrations, 507 Smart road-laying and 507 electric Renault.

The main reason that prevents an average Italian consumer from buying an electric car is undoubtedly the lack of a real capillary charging infrastructure on a par with the fuel distribution network.

The comparison is instinctive: the refueling for a ‘traditional’ car is capillary unlike a new electric car. Can we face tens of thousands of euros for a vehicle that is proposed as a model of technology and then run the real risk of staying on foot?

We have identified some important points for the development of electric mobility:
– Development and competition between multiple networks guaranteed and facilitated
– Reduction of barriers to entry
– Monitoring of tariffs
– Real and comparable alternatives in terms of price and service
– Distinction between Charging Infrastructure Owners and Energy Providers

For now we can say that electric mobility can really take off when the inauguration of a new column, often financed again with public money, will no longer be the reason for the local politician to advertise, but a simple signal of competition between multiple suppliers of services, present on the streets with different colors.

Colossus Group is ready to solve this problem, it is up to the receptive activities to welcome this innovation. 


Change of light and gas supplier without worries

In one of the previous articles I wanted to give an overview of the current situation of the energy market in Italy. As already pointed out, many users fail to take advantage of the advantages offered by market liberalization for various reasons, including the lack of adequate information to evaluate offers , past experiences that have not highlighted the expected savings, the fear of incurring disruptions.

These guides and the articles of this blog have the aim of creating more informed and informed users so that they can evaluate serenely for their own energy savings, making the right choices.

When you can change supplier

When you can change supplier

You must know that it is always possible for the end customer to terminate the supply contract in advance, whether you are a home user or a business user. Let’s see what the authority says for electricity and gas. The withdrawal is governed by Resolution 144/2007 that the Authority issued pursuant to Decree Law No. 73/2003 which devolved the task of regulating the issue.

It provides that companies or individuals who have never made the transition to the free market can withdraw from the contract with one month’s notice.

If the customer has already made the transition to the free market in the past , we must distinguish between:

  • Domestic customer who can exercise the right of withdrawal at any time always with one month’s notice.
  • Small businesses (powered by low voltage and / or gas consumption not exceeding 200 thousand square meters / year) who can exercise the right of withdrawal at any time with a three month notice
  • Other companies that may exercise the right of withdrawal at any time with a three-month notice for annual and six-month contracts for contracts with a duration of more than one year

Even if not for long, because as we said in the previous article the protected market is destined to be eliminated by 2018, the customer can still decide at any time to go back to the protected market. In this case the necessary notice is one month

What happens after the signing of the new supply contract

What happens after the signing of the new supply contract

When you decide to change supplier and sign the contract, the new operator will take care of all the procedures for the withdrawal of the previous contract. Depending on the timing previously seen, it will take between one and six months to complete the transition and during this period you will continue to receive billing from the previous provider. In any case you will receive a confirmation letter from the new operator in which you are notified of the acceptance of your request to join the contract and in which an activation date will be indicated. This date, I tell you from experience, can be more or less truthful depending on the companies. In some cases, they may take slightly longer time than expected, while in others they are respected exactly. In any case, no problem … You will continue to pay the old supplier until the passage is completed and at that point you will start the billing with the new one. You may receive an additional adjustment invoice from the old supplier, although it is already in supply with the new one, if all the consumption of the last invoice received has not been counted.

You must know that in any case there is a time of 14 days from the signing of the contract within which you can always exercise your right to rethink.

If you have signed the contract out of the supplier’s business premises, make sure that the seller provides you with a copy of the signed contract or the confirmation of the contract on paper or other durable medium that allows you to store information (such as an email or a CD); for distance contracts the seller will have to give you the contract confirmation (on a durable medium) before the supply starts. For contracts concluded by telephone, know that the offer must also be confirmed to the consumer, who will be bound only after having signed it or otherwise accepted according to the provisions of the Consumer Code.

Some final advice

I want to finish this article leaving you with some quick tips:

  1. Beware of the sellers that you expect savings without having analyzed in detail your bill
  2. Beware of sellers who do not leave the general conditions and economic conditions of the contract that you propose
  3. Beware of the excessively low cover prices of the companies because sometimes there are additional hidden costs that can only be deduced from the form from the economic conditions
  4. Ask for clarifications on everything that you did not fully understand so that you do not have doubts before signing
  5. Evaluate the economic conditions of other suppliers at least at each contractual term because the market is very mobile and you could find much more advantageous rates from one year to another.



If you wish to be assisted by our experts in choosing the best supplier for your needs send us your invoices by filling out the form you find by clicking here. We will analyze them for you and, based on your consumption, we will identify the most convenient supplier that can guarantee maximum savings. Now, until April 30, our analysis service is completely free so you can take advantage of the service without any commitment and we will also check the correctness of your current invoices, to verify that you have not included additional costs not due (as often happens) 


When lighting becomes hi tech


Does it make sense to talk about hi-tech referring to the lighting industry ? Today, yes. In fact, the lighting market has greatly evolved over the last few decades, developing from a mere daily necessity to an opportunity for experiments and technological solutions previously unimaginable.

A big contribution in this direction has given the advent of the LED light bulb , which has replaced the traditional incandescent lamp, creating new advantages and possibilities . The new LED lights not only ensure energy consumption much lower than traditional lamps, but also allow new combinations and lighting solutions completely new, that with traditional lights could never be obtained. In particular, the vast technological potential of LED lights can be widely exploited if it is combined with home automation or home automation systems, creating new scenarios in the management of the electrical and lighting systems.

Some examples of the winning combination of home automation and LED can be : the immediate shutdown of all the lights, the control of switching off the lights, the application of preset modes that define which lights turn on and with what intensity on the basis of the activity in progress ( a party with friends, watching a movie, etc.); moreover, the brightness sensors scattered around the house, the anti-black lamps that come on when the power is absent, the outdoor lamps managed by a control panel or by sensors of brightness and presence; a last example, the lamps with different color gradations depending on the preset, time, mood and so on.

The possibilities of LED are many: a technology that makes every space more comfortable … at low costs.



Stop protection, stop the extension strategy

 Stop the protection, stop the extension strategy

Stop the protection, stop the extension strategy

Energy issues: we must immediately work on the priority obstacles to overcoming protection regimes. The umpteenth possible postponement of the date foreseen for the overcoming of the system of greater protection in electricity has materialized. Stop the protection, stop the extension strategy.

It is not the first postponement to remember the end of the protection to 1/201/2018, then moved to July 2018, to July 2019 and now to 2020. This extension we know that it is one of the strategies of industrial policy that is best for Italy .

They do not convince the reasons for the extension itself. In essence, the institutions that are interested in energy in our country seem to assume to a certain extent that competition can not be implemented because there is a risk of price increases for end customers, as they would not have the ability to select cost-effective offers.

This motivation circulated in various ways has two aspects that leave us very perplexed:
1. If the institutions really care about the cost of the energy paid by the final customers, it is not clear why the bill continues to be overflowing with other burdens that have increased for years without control and which are certainly not linked to the protection purpose (ex. system charges to remunerate renewables, incentives for energy-eaters, remuneration of regulated assets well above government bond yields, dispatching market that generously remunerates the plants called to balance the system, prices of white certificates to the stars) ;

2. As a citizen, I would then be disappointed to know that the State does not consider me capable of choosing an energy supplier. Especially if you can possibly reciprocate supplier in a month. This applies in particular to certain categories that are certainly not inexperienced and which still today fall under the protection regime: VAT and SMEs, condominiums, high-powered utilities, second homes.

If the most important problem of the protection aim was really the possible increase in the prices of the energy component, it would be enough to create a rule to regulate prices also in post-protection (eg a benchmark, a cap, a benchmark index). An expert task force would need a week to identify one or more methods to control prices.

There is another obvious consequence linked to the extension of the protection regime: customers stay where they are. That is, the customers still in protection remain the dominant operators.
This would be a completely understandable and legitimate situation if it resulted from an expression of the final client’s will.

Stop the protection, stop the extension strategy

Today it is certainly not so in reality, such customers have been in fact known as “entrusted” free of charge to the former monopolists and in this situation the propensity to change the supplier is very low. A discreet conflict of interests also appears evident, since the decision-makers on the subject of the purpose of protection are also controlling shareholders in various capacities of those who enjoy positions dominant by the former monopolist.
The extension of the protection regime therefore has the effect of preserving the concentration of the electricity sector, which is the real obstacle to competition. If the former monopolists are allowed to preserve their customer protection base free of charge, the result will be that the competitors will always remain small-medium sized operators (due to the low propensity to switching) with limited ability to innovate and compete.

Real competition can exist if more competitors with adequate resources are faced with equal arms.
This does not happen in a crystallized market and opportunities for growth and development are lost. A real plurality of supply and of competitors is lacking.

Electric car: Europe is competitive

Hot and Boom hybrid-electric cars + 33% in 2018

Hot and Boom hybrid-electric cars + 33% in 2018

Hot and Boom hybrid-electric cars + 33% in 2018

Greater sensitivity to the defense of the environment combined with concerns about climate change and the possibility of entering limited traffic areas in cities are driving sales of hybrid electric cars in Italy with an increase of 33.1% since the beginning of the 2018 compared to the same period of the previous year with over 55 thousand registered vehicles equal to more than 80% of all those sold in the whole 2017.

This is what is said by an analysis of the European Union of Uecoop cooperatives on Unrae data in relation to the current climate changes, from storms to tropical rain, such as the heat wave and water bombs that are upsetting Italy and Europe.

All the major car manufacturers are investing in new technologies considering that – emphasizes Uecoop – the attention to the environment now also concerns the criteria for awarding contracts with the most recent tender specifications that in Italy almost always provide additional scores for those who, like many cooperatives, it uses means of transport with a low polluting impact.
A sensitivity highlighted by Earth Overshoot Day that every year indicates the day when man begins to overwhelm the planet, aggravating a debt with nature that is also reflected in climate change: globally, according to the Global Footprint Network, for satisfy the demand for natural resources would be 1.7 planets Earth. This is why – says Uecoop – transport technology is also changing, ever more green both in terms of consumption and that of propulsion methods.

Hot and Boom hybrid-electric cars + 33% in 2018

“By 2025 half of the cars produced in the world will be electric or hybrid” was one of the latest forecasts by Sergio Marchionne announcing investments of € 9 billion for research in the field of electric mobility on the 45 available in total of the FCA multi-year plan . The hybrid technology that combines petrol or diesel with battery electric propulsion is already conquering ever higher market shares with a trend for 2018 – notes Uecoop – of 80 thousand vehicles sold, the record of the decade. Although still representing only a niche of 5.6% compared to the total of one million and 282 thousand cars registered between January and July, the hybrid electric and pure electric – concludes Uecoop – are the typologies of higher growth propulsion, chosen by over 250 thousand Italians from 2008 to today.

aumento carburante 270x152


Energy offers: Here's what's going on in the pot

Want to know everything about energy offers in Italy and what’s cooking? You are probably interested in finding out how you can save money on your bills or simply understand the juiciest behind-the-scenes behind this market.

As you probably know if you follow this blog it is since 2007 that users can choose their electricity offers on the free market and even since 2003 for gas. The transition from monopoly to free market obviously had the aim of putting more companies in competition and being able to have more energy offers available at the same time to allow the final user to choose according to their own convenience.

The result?





As an investigation conducted by the magazine Altro Consumo (in the number 315 of June 2017) points out, over 33 million meters of electricity and gas meters have never passed to the free market. This is because since then it continues to coexist together with the “new” free market, even the “old” one defined as protected.

The reason for the coexistence of the two markets wanted to be a way to allow users to adapt to the news in a soft way. The problem is that the protected market had to be abolished for years even under the pressure of the European Union, which is why it is inflicting expensive fines every year on Italy. Now the date has slipped for the umpteenth time ahead, and will be extended to 2019.

And in which situation do you fall? Are you currently served by the free market or is yours one of those 33 million meters that are still in the old protected market?


The lack of adherence to the free market today is mainly due to the unfair and obscure commercial practices adopted by many free market suppliers, which later discouraged other users from making the switch. The difficulty of trusting the new brands that arose following liberalization also made the flow of supplier changes stagnating. Precisely as a consequence of the unfair commercial practices, several fines have been fixed to different suppliers, among which Iren, Estra and Enegan, sanctioned for a total amount of 1.6 million euros, while in 2015 it touched Green Network which appeared on the phone as Enel, Acea Energia or the Electricity Authority.

It should also be noted that many operators in the protected market have opened other companies in the free market. Thus, for example, the historic Enel is present today together with its sister Enel Energia, which however operates in the free market. The data that is recorded is that most of the steps from the market to the free market took place between the historic companies and those practically the same name created for the free market.

Will it be a case? Or maybe many users not knowing the difference between Enel and Enel Energia when they received the call from one of the many call centers have given their membership thinking however to talk with their old supplier?

In this situation, those who put us, besides the correct emerging suppliers, are you. Because you are rightly afraid to make a change by leaving the known for the unknown, but losing the opportunity to benefit from the savings you could have by trusting serious operators with more competitive rates.

In this way, unfortunately, continue to throw money every month from the window , in some cases even 20-25% of your total costs. And the blame lies in a market clouded by unscrupulous suppliers and incomprehensible offers, which make it difficult for the end user to trust.

We at Colosso Group, together with other serious professionals in this market, struggle every day to make it clearer and simpler. For us , freedom is a fundamental value on which we have based our work from the beginning, and so is the freedom to choose. Evidently, given the data available today, the free market has created only a semblance of freedom of choice, limited by the possibility of people to be able to fully understand, and without surprises, the details of this choice. Nobody wants to jump and jump into the darkness.

Take advantage of your freedom with us

Our job is precisely to study the market and the offers of the various energy suppliers to allow our customers to exploit the best opportunities for savings in absolute safety and without surprises. We only evaluate suppliers who prove to be serious by proposing clean offers without hidden traps. If you want to assert your right to freedom to choose what is best for you, guided by a team of experts then simply click the yellow button below and fill out the form you will find on the page.





LED lamps a calculation on savings

You often hear that with LED lamps you save a lot : but   how much is this saving, concretely?


LED is a lighting technology that is spreading more and more, thanks to features such as greater durability over time and lower consumption , especially when compared to traditional light bulbs or even common energy-saving light bulbs.
In this article we try to investigate, with a concrete and empirical analysis, the difference in costs and consumption of the two technologies – traditional light bulbs and LED bulbs – to arrive at calculating this difference in quantitative terms.
A brief analysis

To really understand how much you save with the lamps and LEDs, let’s start with a specific example: suppose to calculate the expenditure needed to light up a medium-sized environment, taking as reference a hypothetical period of 5 years and a half: this period usually represents life average of an LED light bulb. The objective of this analysis is to compare the performance of an LED lamp with an energy-saving lamp , over the indicated period.

Let’s start from the analysis of costs : LED bulbs cost more than normal energy-saving lamps. If the latter cost around € 4 per bulb, LED lamps are at least expensive   22 €. However, the classic light bulbs last much less: if for 5 and a half years only one LED light bulb will be needed, the energy saving ones will need 6, which brings the total cost to 24 €. From a cost standpoint, therefore, compared to a higher initial investment, LED lamps over the long run cost less than traditional energy saving lamps.

Let’s now analyze the consumption : in a medium-sized environment like the one taken into consideration, an LED light bulb will use approximately   500 kW   to illuminate it during the 5 and a half years considered; on the other hand, the energy saving lamp will consume at least 1,150 kW . In other words, the total bill costs are € 100 for LED lighting versus € 230 for traditional lighting .

Finally, if we make the sum of the costs and consumption, we get that, to illuminate a room for 5 and a half years, we will spend € 122 with a LED light bulb against € 254 with an energy-saving one.
At the end of the analysis, we have come to demonstrate in concrete terms what is the difference in costs incurred for the two types of lighting, with a distinct advantage in the use of LED lighting. If we add to this also that LED lights have a much lower environmental impact than energy-saving lights, we understand why this technology is spreading so quickly in the market.

Present and future of mobility: the challenges to be overcome for an efficient and sustainable system

The transport sector is responsible for around 25% of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions and is the main cause of urban pollution

Present and future of mobility: the challenges to be overcome for an efficient and sustainable system. For this reason, decarbonisation has been one of the main objectives of the European Union for some years now: in most Member States incentives have been introduced for those who buy vehicles with alternative fuels and increasingly restrictions on the circulation of the most polluting vehicles.
In the first nine months of the year , in the EU and Efta area, around 917,000 cars were sold as alternative fuels , with an increase of 31% compared to the same period of the previous year.

Despite this data represents an important signal of the transition underway, the figures in absolute values show us how traditional fuel vehicles are still today the protagonists of this market: petrol and diesel cars, in fact, account for about 94% total sales.

The path to take, therefore, is still very long and the political decision makers, in the programmatic choices, will have to keep in mind that the fossil fuel vehicles will be the most numerous on our roads for many years.

If electric mobility is the main answer, it is also necessary to focus on other types of technologies able to provide answers in the short term

If electric mobility is the main answer, it is also necessary to focus on other types of technologies able to provide answers in the short term

A solution that would seem to be at hand is represented by biofuels, fuels produced from organic substances such as biomass, waste from farming or dedicated crops. Biofuels , besides being able to be used in most of the new generation petrol and diesel vehicles currently in circulation, can exploit the network of existing infrastructures to be distributed. And so overcome one of the most important problems afflicting alternative fuels: precisely, the distribution.
The lack of electric charging stations, for example, can be considered, together with the high cost of the vehicles and the lack of autonomy, one of the main brakes for the diffusion of electric cars.

In our country, at the end of 2017 there were about 2.741 public charging stations of which only 16% High Power (new generation stations that allow a much faster recharge of vehicles). The problem of distribution is even more important if we consider another type of alternative mobility, the hydrogen one.
Fuel cell vehicles are driven by an electric motor powered by the energy produced by reacting hydrogen with oxygen.

As a result of this process no harmful substances are emitted – therefore it can be defined as having zero impact – but only water that can be released without risk in the environment.

The diffusion of this type of vehicle has, to date, been held back by limits concerning the gas storage phase. Hydrogen has a low energy density on a volumetric basis, therefore to be useful in the field of transport it must be compressed: a process that involves a huge expenditure of energy, which could make the system unsustainable.
In 2017, 6,475 hydrogen vehicles were sold globally, most of them in the United States and Japan.

Europe is heavily back on this type of technology, just think that at the continental level there are only 78 petrol stations active, of which 58% in only three countries (Germany, United Kingdom and Denmark).

Finally, natural gas vehicles deserve an important mention: although it can not be considered a renewable energy source, this power is considered an alternative given the lower environmental impact compared to diesel and petrol. But also a greater volume that requires for its use in transport the compression (Cng) or liquefaction (Gnl).

Compressed gas is mostly used for small vehicles such as cars and small industrial vans, while liquefied gas is used in the supply of trucks, trains and ships. According to the forecasts contained in the study – edited by the president I-Com Stefano da Empoli – in the next 12 years the number of means of transport of this type is destined to increase considerably. By 2030, 12% of cars, 25% of trucks and 33% of buses powered by natural gas should circulate on European roads. Moreover, Italy is in fact the European country with more natural gas vehicles (more than one million) and the seventh at global level.

porsche closes with the diesel and points on the electric